You have to control two temperatures to make successful fudge: the cooking temperature AND the temperature at which the mixture cools before stirring to make it crystallize. Confectionery experiments have shown that the ideal cooking temperature for fudge is around 114 to 115 °C (237 to 239 °F).
What stage is fudge cooked to?
Use a candy thermometer or conduct a cold water test to check if the fudge is done. Do not rely on the cooking time indicated in your recipe. The fudge is ready when a candy thermometer reads between 112 to 114 °C (234 to 237 °F) or the mixture forms a soft ball in cold water. Let the mixture cool before beating.
How long should you boil fudge for?
Bring to a steady boil for 10-15 minutes, stirring continuously and scraping the base of the pan to prevent it from catching. The mixture should reach 113-115°C on a sugar thermometer if you have one.
What is the soft ball stage for fudge?
Soft ball stage is 112-115c (234-240c). You can also test for soft ball stage by using a glass of cold water. When the fudge has boiled for about 10 minutes start to test by dropping a little of the mixture into a glass of cold water.
How can you tell if fudge is overcooked?
If you find that your fudge is crumbly and or lumpy, then chances are that it’s been overcooked. Overcooking your fudge can happen if you forgot to keep an eye on your oven or simply set it too high. On the contrary, fudge that hasn’t been cooked long enough will become too soft.
How long should fudge cool before cutting?
Once the candy reaches 235 F, remove the pan from the heat and set it aside to cool for 15 minutes. Do not stir it during this time or you will form sugar crystals and the fudge will be grainy!
How long does it take fudge to cool to 110?
Cool the fudge for 50 to 70 minutes until the temperature registers 110 degrees on the candy thermometer and the bottom of the pot feels lukewarm to the touch. Do not disturb the fudge during the cooling process.
Should I stir fudge while boiling?
Don’t stir the fudge Shaking or stirring the fudge mixture while it’s boiling or cooling causes premature crystal growth. If the crystals form too early, they continue to grow and become too large. Let it cool Start beating the fudge only when it has cooled down to 110°F.
What is the secret to good fudge?
The trick to good homemade fudge is to cook the ingredients to the right temperature to form a sugar syrup, and cool the mixture properly so the texture of the fudge turns out smooth and firm, but soft enough to cut.
How do you know when fudge is done without a thermometer?
Remove the ball from the water and check its consistency with your fingers. For perfect fudge, the syrup should form a soft ball that can be picked up, but easily flattened. If the syrup is undercooked, drops of syrup will sink to the bottom of the glass in threads or simply dissolve.
What can I do if my fudge is too soft?
Solutions for Too-Soft Fudge
Use powdered sugar. Instead of adding evaporated milk, add some powdered sugar and remix your fudge batter. The powdered sugar can help the fudge set and harden if it is resistant to doing so. Add a mixture of water and cornstarch.
How do you calculate soft ball stage?
Using a clean spoon, carefully take a little of the syrup and drop it into the bowl of cold water. Leave to cool for a moment then pick up the ball of syrup. If it’s pliable, sticky and can be moulded in your fingers easily, it has reached the soft ball stage and the syrup can be used to make fudge and marzipan.
Why has my fudge gone grainy?
A lot of big crystals in fudge makes it grainy. By letting the fudge cool without stirring, you avoid creating seed crystals. Stirring would help sucrose molecules “find” one another and start forming crystals.
Why is my fudge rock hard?
If your fudge is tough, hard, or grainy, then you may have made one of several mistakes: You may have overcooked it, beaten it too long, or neglected to cool it to the proper temperature. Don’t throw out the whole pan, because you may be able to melt the fudge down and try again.
Why has my fudge turned to caramel?
So, why did my fudge turn out more like caramel? Fudge often turns into a chewy caramel-like texture because incorrect temperatures were reached. The ideal temperature for the fudge to cook at is 232-234°F (111-112°C). Anything more or less will change the texture completely.
Why did my fudge turn into toffee?
If you boil the fudge to a temperature lower than 232 F, your fudge will retain extra moisture, which can make it chewy or in extreme cases, prevent it from setting at all. If the temperature goes much beyond 234 F, the fudge’s final texture will be hard, dry and crumbly.